How to Identify Original Saffron?
Saffron is an expensive spice, and despite the high price, due to its valuable properties, aroma, color, and flavor, it is used in various industries. Industries such as pharmaceuticals, food industry, cosmetics, etc. Also, many people in the world use this herb in foods and for cooking such as drinks and foods; especially for Saffron Taste. Saffron with the scientific name Crocus Sativus, sometimes is marketed by cheating to benefit more from Saffron due to its high price. The products that no longer have the properties of saffron, saffron color as well as Saffron Taste. So knowing the methods of Saffron quality identification is important for common people. To identify original and pure saffron, Saffron Taste, Saffron color, and saffron aroma are the main indices. Also knowing the main ways of fraud and selling fake saffron is important. 3 main methods of fraud are:
- weighted saffron with the soluble materials
- Combining saffron with saffron-like products
- Saffron dyeing using artificial colors
In this article, we want to introduce some methods for identifying real saffron.
Methods of identifying real saffron
The diagnosis of saffron is easily possible by the laboratories. The most important indices of diagnosis saffron quality in the laboratory are the most important ingredient of Saffron; Safranal, crocin, and picrotoxin. These ingredients respectively are responsible for the aroma, color, and taste. But we want to introduce alternatives ways to distinguish fake Saffron and high-quality Saffron in the home.
- Saffron aroma
Original Saffron has a pungent odor and somewhat bitter, which gives us a sedative sense. The higher quality of saffron has higher levels of mentioned aroma. If there is no smell of saffron or it is too little, it means the product is fake Saffron or it has low quality.
- Saffron color
Saffron color is an important index for identifying high-quality Saffron. If you pour the strands in hot water, the fibers will begin to change the color of the water. At first yellow and gradually it turns to orange and after a while, the color remains stable. Meanwhile, the low-quality saffron has a reddish-orange color, that gradually gets darker, and after a while, the color fades and does not remain stable. The Saffron color strands in water do not change from the red and remain constant.
- Saffron Taste
If you are looking for original Saffron, be careful about Saffron Taste. Its Taste is not sweet or even salty and must be a little bitter. Being sweet or salty means the strands contain foreign materials for being heavier.
- The appearance of Saffron strands
Crocus Sativus strands are like a trumpet. Also, pure saffron should not be shiny because it means impurity for being heavier. To make sure your product is original, crash the threads on a handkerchief. If there is a special material effect on the paper or handkerchief, such as fat or similar thing, it shows that the strands are not pure and contain external material. Another cheating is to add similar materials to saffron strands. Materials such as safflower strands are a common cheating method that makes the product impure.